What are endocrinopathies ?

Another question asked by my students is, what are endocrinopathies? Endocrinopathies are diseases of the endocrine glands that occur with an increase or a decrease in the levels of hormones in the body.

In simple words they are endocrine gland disorders. This change in hormone levels is a cause of a number of diseases collectively called as endocrinopathies.

Some of the examples of endocrinopathy are Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes insipidus, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, growth disorders, and many more.

There are different mechanisms involved in the occurrence of endocrinopathies. The following is a list of different mechanisms or reasons how endocrinopathies may occur.

  1. Excess or deficiency of the normally secreted hormone e.g. hyperthyroidism or myxoedema.
  2. Secretion of a wrong hormone e.g. in some cases of adrenal virilism.
  3. Aberrations in the metabolism or degradation of hormones e.g. loss of secondary sexual characters due to defective degradation of estrogens in hepatic cirrhosis.
  4. Inability of local tissues to respond to normal hormonal level e.g. testicular feminization.
  5. Heightened tissue susceptibility to hormone action e.g. hirsutism in young females with minimal abnormality in androgen levels.
  6. Hormonal production by a non-endocrine or­gan e.g. bronchogenic carcinoma may produce substances that cannot be chemically or immunologically distinguished from nor­mal endocrine products.

Hope this answers the question what are endocrinopathies. If you have any doubts regarding your endocrine disease or any other disease like diabetes, thyroid disoders or high blood pressure feel free to Ask a Doctor here at our website.

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